Codebook

[Note: The Codebook treats the database as of 1987. There were updates to the Codebook in 1990, 1992, and 1995.]



                            APPELLATE TERMINATIONS/PENDING, 1970-1987           
                              CIVIL TERMINATIONS/PENDING, 1970-1987               
                                           (ICPSR 8429)                              
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                 Principal Investigator                         
                                                                                
                                 Federal Judicial Center                        
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                  Fifth ICPSR Edition                           
                                       March 1993                               
                             Inter-university Consortium for                    
                              Political and Social Research                     
                                      P.O. Box 1248                             
                                Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106                       
                                                                               
                                                                               
                                                                                
                                                                               
                                                                                
                                                                                
                  Bibliographic citation, acknowledgment of assistance          
                                   and data disclaimer                          
                                                                                
                                                                                
               All manuscripts utilizing data made available through            
           the Consortium should acknowledge that fact as well as               
           identify the original collector of the data. In order to             
           get such source acknowledgment listed in social science              
           bibliographic utilities, it is necessary to present them             
           in the form of a footnote or a reference.  The bibliographic         
           citation for this data collection is:                                
                                                                                
                   Federal Judicial Center.  Federal Court Cases,               
                   Integrated Data Base, 1970 - 1987.
           
                   Fifth ICPSR ed.  Conducted by the Federal                    
                   Judicial Center.  Ann Arbor, MI:Inter-university             
                   Consortium for Political and Social Research,                 
                   1993.                           
                                                                                
               The ICPSR Council urges all users of the ICPSR data              
           facilities to follow some adaptation of this statement               
           with the parentheses indicating item s to be filled in                
           appropriately or deleted by the individual user.                    
                                                                                
                   The data (and tabulations) utilized in this                  
                   (publication) were made available (in part) by               
                   the Inter-university Consortium for Political                
                   and Social Research.  The data for Federal Court             
                   Cases: Integrated Data Base, 1970 - 1987                     
                   were originally collected by the Federal Judicial            
                   Center.  Neither the collector of the original               
                   data nor the Consortium bears any responsibility             
                   for the analyses interpretations presented here.             
                                                                                
               In order to provide funding agencies with essential              
           information about the use of archival resources and to               
           facilitate the exchange of information about ICPSR                   
           participants' research activities, each user of the ICPSR            
           data facilities is expected to send two copies of each               
           completed manuscript or thesis abstract to the Consortium.           
           Please indicate in the cover letter which data were used.            
                                                                                
                                                                               
                                                                                
                                                                               
                                Table of Contents                               
                                                                                
                                                                     Page       
                                                                      No.       
           Introduction                                                         
                                                                                                                                                                                                     
                  Introduction                                          I        
                                                                               
                  Creating the Database                                II       
                                                                                
                  Original Documents                                  III       
                                                                                
                  Reference Documents                                  IV       
                                                                                
                  Published Tables                                      V       
                                                                                
                  Statistical Year Designation                        VII       
                                                                                                                   
                  Special Notes                                      VIII
                                                                                
                  Purpose and Limitations of the Documentation         XI       
                                                                                
                  File Structure                                      XII       
                                                                                                                 
                  Codebook Information                               XIII
                                                                                
                  ICPSR Processing Information                        XVI 
                                                                              
           Variable Description Lists                                           
                                                                                
                  Appellate Terminations/Pending                      XIX       
                                                                                
                  Civil Terminations/Pending                          XXI       
                                                                                
           Codebooks                                                            
                                                                                
                  Appellate Terminations/Pending                      25        
                        [OMITTED]                                                                                                                        
                  Civil Terminations/Pending                          67           
                                                                           
           Appendix 1                                                           
                                                                                
                  Note 1: U.S. District Courts County Codes           89        
                        [OMITTED]                                                        
                  Note 2: Administrative Agency Codes                149        
                        [OMITTED]                                                                                                                                     
                  Note 3: Civil Nature of Suit Codes                 151            
                                                                           
                  Note 4: U.S. Criminal Offense Codes                167        
                        [OMITTED]                                                        
                  Note 5: Statistical Codes for U.S. District                                               
                          Courts and Offices                         205        
                        [OMITTED]
                   
           Appendix 2                                                           
                                                                                
                  Data Collection Forms                              237        
                        [NOT INCLUDED]                                                        
                          	
                                



                                                                                                       
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                  INTRODUCTION                                  
                                                                                
                                                                                
                  In 1982 The Research Division of the Federal Judicial         
           Center initiated the Integrated Data Base (IDB) project. The         
           goals of the project were (1) to document the information            
           recorded on data tapes compiled by the Administrative Office         
           of the United States Courts (AO) on cases filed in the               
           Federal Court System, (2) to gather several years of data            
           together into a single data base to facilitate multiyear             
           analyses, (3) to provide a common format for the data so             
           that those analyses could be done without having to contend          
           with record formats that changed from year to year, and (4)          
           to provide a vehicle for linking cases from the district to          
           the appellate level. The time period covered by the initial          
           project was statistical year 1970 through statistical year           
           1983 (July 1, 1969 through June 30, 1983). These data have           
           since been updated to include cases through statistical year         
           1987 (June 30, 1987). The data base includes all federal             
           appellate and district court cases active during this time           
           period. The data base currently is comprised of 35 data              
           sets. There is one data set of terminated cases for each             
           statistical year (SY) for each of the two data categories:           
           appellate (17 data sets, SY71 - SY87), and district civil            
           (18 data sets, SY70 - SY87). In addition, in each category           
           there is a data set of cases still pending at the end of the         
           time period (3 data sets, SY87). This codebook describes the         
           format and fields of the, appellate data sets, and district          
           civil data sets.                                                     
                                                                                
                                                                                
                              Creating the Data Base                            
                                                                                
                  All the raw data were obtained on computer tapes              
           directly from The Administrative Office of the Courts. The           
           problem of the vaying physical structure of the data                 
           records was relatively easy to solve. A core set of data             
           fields was identified from among all the fields occurring on         
           the records during any time period. Although this core set           
           is basically a union of all possible fields, some fields             
           that were determined to be of minor importance to our                
           research goals were excluded.                                        
                                                                                
                  A standard format accommodating all the fields was then       
           designed. Whenever possible, mixed alphanumeric fields were          
           recoded as numeric-only fields and field widths were                 
           enlarged to allow for greater value ranges in the future.            
           each raw data file was first passed through a reformatting           
           program to convert the data to the standard structure;               
           fields that existed in the standard record but not in the            
           original record were left blank.                                     
                                                                                
                  Next, the restructured data were processed by a               
           conversion program that checked for errors and performed all         
1                                  ii                                           
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
           value recoding. Because the new standard record included             
           some data items that were captured only during a limited             
           time span, many fields were recoded to a "not collected"             
           missing value.  For example:                                         
                                                                                
               (1). For appeals data, information regarding whether             
                    the appeal was disposed of by a single judge or             
                    by a full panel was collected only during                   
                    statistical years 1973 through 1980;                        
                                                                                
               (2). For civil data, information regarding the level             
                    of magistrate involvement in the case was                   
                    collected only during statistical years 1981                
                    through 1985.                                               
                                                                                
                  In addition, some recoding was done in an attempt to          
           standardize values for a particular field across all years.          
           For example, the middle district of Florida was represented          
           by the district code 30 for SY70 and SY71, but the code              
           changed to 3A for subsequent years. In the IDB, the middle           
           district of Florida is always represented by the code 3A;            
           the older code was detected and recoded. More often,                 
           however, the evolution of values did not follow a clear              
           pattern and longitudinal consistency recoding was not                
           possible. This means that for some fields the same coded             
           value may have different interpretations depending on when           
           the information was recorded. For example:                           
                                                                                
               (1). For the field Opinion/Order in the appeals data,            
                    the coded value 3 denotes "Per Curium" opinions             
                    for SY71 data but "Published, Unsigned"                     
                    opinions and orders for SY81.                               
                                                                                
               (2). For the field disposition in the civil data,                
                    the coded value 1 denotes "Default judgment"                
                    terminations for SY71 data but "Remanded"                   
                    terminations for SY81.                                      
                                                                                
                  The lack of a consistent correspondence between a coded       
           value and a single interpretation is the most serious                
           challenge to multiyear analysis presented by the data and            
           the researcher must be extremely careful to account for              
           value inconsistency when doing analyses of this type.  The           
           field-by-field descriptions that are presented below are             
           designed to help the researcher identify value changes.              
           Unless limitations are noted, the listed correspondence              
           between a coded value and its interpretation is consistent           
           throughout the data base time period.  Value consistency             
           should not be confused with value validity. Circuit values           
           of 11 always refer to the Eleventh Circuit but are not valid         
           prior to SY82.  Fine values of 6 for criminal data, on the           
           other hand, are valid throughout but assume two different            
           interpretations.  Likewise, Procedural Progress values of 2          
           for appeals and civil data are valid throughout but assume           
1                                 iii                                           
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
           three different interpretations.                                     
                                                                                
                                   Original Documents                           
                                                                                
           Appeals Data                                                         
                                                                                
                  The records of the appeals data base are derived from         
           information routinely collected by the Administrative Office         
           on standard case status forms filed monthly by the Clerk of          
           court in each of the federal circuit courts of appeals.              
           Copies of the multipart JS-34 Docket Report Form are                 
           submitted at filing and at termination of the appeal.                
                                                                                
           Civil Data                                                           
                                                                                
                  The records of the district civil data base are derived       
           from information routinely collected by the administrative           
           office on standard case status forms filed monthly by the            
           Clerk of Court in each of the federal district courts. These         
           forms, the JS-5 Filing Report and the JS-6 Termination               
           Report, are part of the standard Civil Docket Set. The JS-44         
           Civil Cover Sheet is also an important raw data form from            
           which JS-5 information is drawn.                                     
                                                                                
                                   Reference Documents                          
                                                                                
                  The primary reference for information collected: on the       
           JS-34 is Title X "Instructions for Completing Court of Appeals       
           Report Forms JS-30, JS-34, and JS-34A" (appeals dataset); and,       
           on the JS-5, JS-6, and JS-44 is Title II "Instructions for           
           Completing District Court Report Forms DC-111 (including JS-5        
           and JS-6), JS-5A, JS- 6M, JS-9, JS-9C, JS-44, and JS-44B"            
           (civil dataset). These references are found in the Statistical       
           Analysis Manual, which is Volume XI of the Guide to Judiciary        
           Policies and Procedures published by the Administrative Office       
           of the United States Courts. This manual and the periodic            
           transmittals used to update it are the official instructions to      
           the Clerks of Court for completing the original case forms.          
           Information regarding the values coded on the computer record        
           from the original documents is contained in booklets issued          
           periodically by the Administrative Office entitled: "Statistical     
           Codes for Appeals Reports Submitted by Clerks of Court, United       
           States Courts of Appeals, "Statistical Codes for Civil Reports       
           Submitted by Clerks of Court, United States District Courts."        
           The several versions of these documents issued over the course       
           of our data period as well as computer tape layouts and occasional   
           special memoranda were the sources of the field and value            
           documentation presented below.                                       
                                                                                
                  Documentation materials available to the project for the      
           1979 (appeals and civil), are very sparse; therefore it is           
           frequently impossible to accurately identify when a change in        
           values or interpretation occurred. The practice used in this         
           document is to list the statistical year in which the value          
1                                  iv                                           
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
           is known to have been valid (primarily because documentation         
           from the same statistical year lists the value). A value may         
           have been valid prior to the listed date but we cannot               
           confirm it. Conversely, the assumption is made that a value          
           continues to have the same interpretation until a change is          
           documented. Values that are supposedly no longer valid are           
           sometimes found in the data as a result of coding habit or           
           the use of an outdated form.                                         
                                                                                
                                    Published Tables                            
                                                                                
                  Tables based on the original data compiled by the             
           Administrative Office are published in the Annual Report of          
           the Director of the Administrative Office of the United              
           States Courts. The "B" tables in the Appendix of "Detailed           
           Statistical Tables" are based on the appeals data.  The "C"          
           tables (CL - C6) in the appendix of "Detailed Statistical            
           Tables" are based on the civil data. Case counts achieved with       
           the IDB data should match the published tables. If there are         
           discrepancies, contributing factors may be: (1) population           
           restrictions (excluding original proceedings cases for appeals       
           data, excluding land condemnation cases for civil data); (2) case    
           groupings employed to simplify presentation (for example, "all       
           other" categories); (3) statistical year skews effecting inclusion   
           in a cohort based on calendar dates (see "Statistical Year           
           Designation" below); and (4) any IDB processing that may have        
           altered values (for example, out-of-range values falling into a      
           separate "missing" category rather than part of "other").            
                                                                                
           Appeals Data                                                         
                                                                                
                  Matching published figures is not always a                    
           straightforward process, especially for data from the                
           earlier statistical years. Often cases are excluded from or          
           included in tables based on information in fields other than         
           the obvious ones.  For example, the failure to record a date         
           in the Submission Date field may cause a case to be excluded         
           from a count of submitted cases even though the Disposition          
           code indicates submission. Conversely, the occurrence of a           
           value in the Oral Hearing Date field might override missing          
           information in the disposition fields and cause a case to be         
           counted as heard. These types of problems are less likely to         
           occur when matching counts by case type or circuit than they         
           are in the area of case disposition where several fields are         
           used to report the details of the disposition.                       
                                                                                
                              Statistical Year Designation                      
                                                                                
                  The statistical year used in the federal courts runs          
           from July through June (for example, SY84 covers the period          
           July 1, 1983 through June 30, 1984). Due to reporting time           
           lags, there is often a slight skew to the correspondence             
           between calendar date and statistical year at the borders of         
           the statistical year. Transactions which by date would               
1                                   v                                           
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
           logically fall into one statistical year may actually be             
           counted in a different statistical year.  For example, June          
           1985 filings and terminations should be counted in SY85.             
           However, if the reports are received by the AO after the             
           statistical year data have been processed, the late-                 
           arriving transactions are counted in SY86 instead. The               
           tables published by the AO for a particular statistical year         
           are based on all the cases designated as belonging to that           
           statistical year regardless of the actual filing or                  
           termination dates.                                                   
                                                                                
                  The IDB files are organized according to statistical          
           year of termination based on the termination date used by            
           the AO to identify the statistical year in which the case            
           was counted, "Termination Date Used by AO".  This                    
           organization was chosen to facilitate matching published             
           terminations data.  Because criminal records do not include          
           a field that contains information regarding the date used by         
           the AO to identify the statistical year of filing, it is             
           particularly difficult to match published filing data.  To           
           match published data based on the statistical year of                
           filing, the "Filing Date Used by AO", can be used to                 
           identify cases.  Continuing the example given, a case in             
           appeals or civil data that was docketed  in June 1985 but            
           was processed late and thus was counted among SY86 cases             
           instead of SY85 cases will have a value of 8507 for filing           
           date used by AO which places it within the value range for           
           SY86 cases.  Cohorts based on actual filing and termination          
           dates (rather than on these Used-by-AO dates as in appeals           
           and civil data), are unlikely to provide counts that can be          
           matched with published tables.                                       
                                                                                
                                      Special Notes                             
                                                                                
           Appeals Data                                                         
                                                                                
                  Appeals data for SY70 are not included in the integrated      
           data base. Prior to SY71, filing and termination data for            
           the circuit courts of appeals were recorded on the                   
           JS-31/JS-32 report forms. This information was sufficiently          
           different in substance and format from the information               
           recorded on the JS-34 that the conversion effort was deemed          
           not worthwhile.                                                      
                                                                                
                  Changes to Rule 12(A) of the Federal Rules of Appellate       
           Procedure concerning docketing have affected the number of           
           cases that are reported as filed for the various years.              
           Until 1979, Rule 12(A) required that a case be docketed only         
           after payment of the docket fee or approval of the petition          
           to proceed in forma pauperis. The JS-34 form was completed           
           at the time of docketing and the case was entered into the           
           data base. However, in August 1979, the rule was changed to          
           permit entry on the docket prior to payment of docketing fee         
           or approval of the petition. For a brief period, the JS-34           
1                                  vi                                           
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
           form continued to be completed only after payment of the fee         
           or approval of the petition. This was done in an effort to           
           maintain the comparability of the number of appeals reported         
           in the statistical system before and after the rule change.          
           However, in July 1980, the reporting standards were modified         
           to permit completion of the JS-34 Form for all cases at the          
           time that they were entered on the docket, without regard to         
           the status of fee payment or petition. This change allowed           
           for substantially more actions to be reported. At that same          
           time the AO also created a new "Without Judicial Action"             
           disposition code (7 = "Special Dismissal") to be used to             
           terminate cases that were dismissed due to failure to pay            
           the filing fee or failure to prosecute the appeal. This              
           allowed direct identification of the appeals included in the         
           reporting system solely due to the change to Rule 12(A).             
                                                                                
                  In July 1984 (SY85) a major changed occurred in the           
           recording of the disposition of an appeal. Several data              
           fields dealing with disposition were restructured or                 
           replaced. The affected fields are Disposition, Action on the         
           merits/By Judicial Action, Procedural Termination/Without            
           Judicial Action, No Judicial Action/Method of Disposition,           
           Opinion/Order, and Original Proceedings. The new structure           
           much more clearly delineates mutually exclusive dispositions.        
           In addition, complete record date was replaced in SY85 by            
           the briefing notice issued date. The new fields are coded            
           "in place of" the old fields; that is, the same record columns       
           are being used to record the different data. Therefore, the          
           researcher must exercise care in using these fields for pre-         
           and post- SY85 comparisons. See the field descriptions below         
           for more detailed information.                                       
                                                                                
                  The disposition changes of sy85 referred to above also        
           shifted the emphasis from "disposition after hearing or              
           submission" to the more encompassing "termination on the             
           merits". The post-SY85 "termination on the merits" includes          
           decisions by full panels based on submission of informal             
           briefs (or other written papers) that did not meet the               
           criteria of formal briefs under Rule 28, F.R.A.P. prior to           
           SY85 these terminations would have been counted as "disposed         
           of without hearing or submission". If one compares the               
           pre-SY85 "hearing/submission" disposition count to the               
           post-SY85 "termination on the merits" count, it is clear             
           that there has been a noticeable increase in merits                  
           dispositions in selected circuits (for example, the fourth)          
           and for some case types (notably prisoner petitions) where           
           the submission of informal briefs is common.                         
                                                                                
                  The appeals records include several detail fields that        
           provide additional information regarding the nature of the           
           case in the court below. For example, the administrative             
           agency field reports the code of the U.S. agency from which          
           the action arose; and, the jurisdiction and nature of suit           
           fields provide case type information for civil cases arising         
1                                 vii                                           
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
           from the district courts. The correct match between type of          
           appeal (field 11) and the location of the detail information         
           is:                                                                  
                                                                                
               Type of Appeal           Code     Matching Detail Field          
                                                                                
           Administrative  Appeals    1 or  2    Administrative                 
                                                     Agency                     
           Civil                      3, 4, 7    Jurisdiction                   
                                                 Nature of Suit                 
           Criminal                   5 or 8     Offense  Code                  
           Original  Proceedings      6          Nature of Original             
                                                     Proceedings                
           Bankruptcy/Other           9 to 12    Other Type                     
                                                                                
           When the matching detail field is filled in, all the other           
           detail fields should be coded with 9's. Due to programming           
           errors, prior to SY87, occasionally there will be                    
           information in another detail field in addition to the               
           matching detail field. The information in the matching               
           detail field is correct and any non-blank information in any         
           other detail fields is extraneous and should be ignored.             
                                                                                
           Civil Data                                                           
                                                                                
                  During SY86 the administrative office conducted a pilot       
           program in four district courts: Eastern District of                 
           Pennsylvania, Northern District of Texas, Middle District of         
           Florida, and Western District of Missouri. The program               
           tested the online data entry of the JS-5 and JS-6                    
           information and used a slightly more detailed version of the         
           JS-6 form. This new form contained different interpretations        
 
           for some of the values for the Procedural Progress,                  
           Disposition, Nature of Judgment, and Judgment for Fields             
           that are listed on the standard JS-6 which was used by all           
           the other courts in SY86. This more detailed coding was              
           adopted by all courts in SY87 for cases filed on or after            
           July 1, 1986. Termination information for cases filed prior          
           to July 1, 1986 will be coded according to the older                 
           (Standard SY86) scheme.                                              
                                                                                
                      Purpose and Limitations of the Documentation              
                                                                                
                  The purpose of this document is to briefly describe the       
           data contained in the IDB files: the physical structure of           
           the records, the fields that are included, and the range of          
           valid values that can be expected for each field                     
           (particularly in those instances where IDB processing                
           programs have altered the value recorded in the original             
           data). The document also points out known problems                   
           associated with using the IDB data, especially with respect          
           to multiyear analyses.   This document does not provide              
           detailed explanations of fields or values, coding                    
           instructions for special cases, definitions of legal terms,          
1                                viii                                           
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
           information regarding court management or procedures, or             
           changes in the federal rules or the law.   Although                  
           information on these latter topics may be important when             
           conducting analyses using these data, it is impossible to            
           present that information here. The researcher may want to            
           consult the reference materials listed above ("reference             
           documents"), the federal rules of procedure, and the U.S.            
           code for more detailed information.                                  
                                                                                
                                 File Structure                                 
                                                                                
                  Federal Court Cases:  integrated data base, 1970 - 1987,      
           is available from the ICPSR in lrecl format.  The OSIRIS             
           dictionary gives the format and other information for each           
           variable in the OSIRIS Data file.  The Dictionary or                 
           Dictionary-Codebook File is used in conjunction with the             
           OSIRIS software package.  The OSIRIS Data File is                    
           constructed with a single logical record for each case.              
           There are three sections with a total of 56 parts in the             
           FEDERAL COURT CASES:  INTEGRATED DATA BASE, 1970 - 1987.             
           Section 1, appeals data, contains Parts 15 - 28 and 34 - 37          
           which consists of 80 variables and a range of 12,428 - 34,444        
           cases depending on the part. Section 2, Civil Data, contains         
           Parts 38 - 56 which consists of 42 variables and a range of          
           80,520 - 269,880 cases depending on the part.                        
                                                                                
                  The OSIRIS data file can be accessed directly through         
           software packages or programs which do not use the OSIRIS            
           dictionary by specifying the tape locations of the desired           
           variables. These tape locations are given in the OSIRIS              
           dictionary-codebook.                                                 
                                                                                
                                                                                
                               Codebook Information                             
                                                                                
                                                                                
                  The example below is a reproduction of information            
           appearing in the machine-readable codebook for a typical             
           variable.  The numbers in brackets do not appear but are             
           references to the descriptions which follow this example.            
                                                                                
           ............................................................         
                                                                                
                                                                                
           1 VAR 0006  2 CIRCUIT                3 MD= 99                  
               REF 0006      4 LOC 14   WIDTH  2                              
                                                                                
              5 Q.2.  The federal circuit where the district court            
                        is located.                                             
                     ------------------------------------------                 
                                                                                
              6 See note(s)  1                                                
                                                                                
              7 Actual number is coded.                                       
1                                  ix                                           
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                  8  9                                                      
                                                                                
                   00.  District of Columbia                                    
                   01.  First Circuit                                           
                   02.  Second Circuit                                          
                   03.  Third Circuit                                           
                   04.  Fourth Circuit                                          
                   05.  Fifth Circuit                                           
                   06.  Sixth Circuit                                           
                   07.  Seventh Circuit                                         
                   08.  Eighth Circuit                                          
                   09.  Ninth Circuit                                           
                   10.  Tenth Circuit                                           
                   11.  Eleventh Circuit (starting in 1982)                     
                   99.  Out of universe                                         
           ............................................................         
                                                                                
           1  Indicates the variable and reference numbers.                   
                A variable number and a reference number are                    
                assigned to each variable in the data collection.               
                In the present codebook which documents the                     
                archived data collection these numbers are                      
                identical.  Should the data be subsetted or                     
                rearranged (e.g.,to intersperse data from another               
                source, or TCOT to produce an analysis deck), the               
                variable numbers would change to reflect the order              
                of the new data collection, while the reference                 
                number would remain unchanged to reflect the variable           
                number in the codebook describing the archived data             
                collection.                                                     
                                                                                
           2  Indicates the abbreviated variable name to                      
                identify the variable for the user.  An expanded                
                version of the variable name can be found in the                
                variable description list.                                      
                                                                                
           3  Indicates the code values of missing data.  In                  
                this example, code values equal to 99 are missing               
                data (MD= 99). Alternative statements for other                 
                variables are "MD=0," "MD GE 9," or "NO MISSING DATA            
                CODES."  Some analysis software packages require that           
                certain types of data which the user desires to be              
                excluded from analysis be designated as "MISSING DATA,"         
                e.g., inappropriate, unascertained, unascertainable, or         
                ambiguous data categories.  Although these codes are            
                defined as missing data categories, this does not               
                mean that the user should not or cannot use them in             
                a substantive role if so desired.                               
                                                                                
           4  Indicates the starting location and width of this               
                variable when the data are stored on a magnetic tape.           
                If the variable is of a multiple-response type, the width       
                referenced is that of a single response.  In this example       
1                                   x                                           
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                the variable named "Q.2. CIRCUIT" is 2 column(s) wide and       
                is located in the 14th column within the record.                
                                                                                
           5  This is the full text (question) supplied by the                
                investigator to describe the variable.  The question            
                text and the numbers and letters that may appear at             
                the beginning reflect the original wording of the               
                questionnaire item.                                             
                                                                                
           6  A variable which has a footnote associated with it              
                is denoted by the message, "SEE NOTE(S) 1" where 1              
                is the number of the footnote referenced.                       
                                                                                
           7  "Actual number is coded" would appear in the                    
                codebook to indicate that the variable has been                 
                declared continuous.                                            
                                                                                
           8  Indicates the code values occurring in the data for             
                this variable.                                                  
                                                                                
           9  Indicates the textual definitions of the codes.                 
                Abbreviations commonly used in the code definitions             
                are "DK" (Do Not Know), "NA" (Not Ascertained), and             
                "INAP" (Inappropriate).                                         
                                                                                
                              ICPSR Processing Information                      
                  The data collection was processed according to the            
              standard ICPSR processing procedures.  The data were checked      
              for illegal or inconsistent code values which, when found,        
              were recoded to missing data values.  No consistency              
              checks were performed.  Statements bracketed in "<" and ">"       
              signs in the body of the codebook were added by the               
              processors for explanatory purposes.                              
1                                  xi                                           
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                              Variable Description Lists                        
                             Appellate Terminations/Pending                     
                                                                                
                  1  ICPSR Study Number-8429                                    
                  2  ICPSR Edition Number-5                                     
                  3  ICPSR Part Number                                          
                  4  ICPSR Sequential Case Identification Number                
                  5  Item 1.  Record quality indicator                          
                  6  Item 2.  Circuit Court in which the appeal was filed       
                  7  Item 3.  Case number                                       
                  8  Item 4.  Denotes reopened/remanded appeals                 
                  9  Item 5.  (1) Date the case was docketed in the court       
                           of appeals: Year                                     
                 10  Item 5.  (2) Date the case was docketed in the court       
                           of appeals: Month                                    
                 11  Item 5.  (3) Date the case was docketed in the court       
                           of appeals: Day                                      
                 12  Item 6.  Indicates whether the United States               
                           initiated the appeal                                 
                 13  Item 7.  Name of the party initiating the appeal           
                 14  Item 8.  Indicates whether the appeal was filed            
                           against the United States                            
                 15  Item 9.  Name of the party against whom the appeal         
                           is taken                                             
                 16  Item 10. Appeal from magistrate's decision                 
                 17  Item 11. Type of appeal                                    
                 18  Item 12. Nature of original proceedings                    
                 19  Item 13. In forma pauperis                                 
                 20  Item 14. Divisional Office                                 
                 21  Item 15. Administrative agency                             
                 22  Item 16. Jurisdiction                                      
                 23  Item 17. Nature of suit                                    
                 24  Item 18. Offense code                                      
                 25  Item 19. Other type                                        
                 26  Item 20. District court - circuit                          
                 27  Item 21. District court - district                         
                 28  Item 22. District court - office                           
                 29  Item 23. District court - docket number                    
                 30  Item 24. Magistrate indicator                              
                 31  Item 25. (1) Date field in district court: Year            
                 32  Item 25. (2) Date field in district court: Month           
                 33  Item 25. (3) Date field in district court: Day             
                 34  Item 26. (1) Date notice of appeal filed: Year             
                 35  Item 26. (2) Date notice of appeal filed: Month            
                 36  Item 26. (3) Date notice of appeal filed: Day              
                 37  Item 27. (1) Filing date used by AO: Year                  
                 38  Item 27. (2) Filing date used by AO: Month                 
                 39  Item 28. (1) Transaction date: Year                        
                 40  Item 28. (2) Transaction date: Month                       
                 41  Item 28. (3) Transaction date: Day                         
                 42  Item 29. Transaction code                                  
                 43  Item 30. Disposition                                       
                 44  Item 31A/B. Action on the merits/By judicial action        
                 45  Item 32A/B. By judicial action/Procedural terminations     
1                                 xii                                           
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                 46  Item 33A/B. No judicial action/Method of disposition       
                 47  Item 34. Opinion/Order                                     
                 48  Item 35. Determination of original proceeding              
                 49  Item 36. Joined appeal                                     
                 50  Item 37. Joined appeal docket number                       
                 51  Item 38A/B.(1) Briefing notice date/Complete record date   
                 52  Item 38A/B.(2) Briefing notice date/Complete record date   
                 53  Item 38A/B.(3) Briefing notice date/Complete record date   
                 54  Item 39. (1) Last brief filing date: Year                  
                 55  Item 39. (2) Last brief filing date: Month                 
                 56  Item 39. (3) Last brief filing date: Day                   
                 57  Item 40. (1) Submission date: Year                         
                 58  Item 40. (2) Submission date: Month                        
                 59  Item 40. (3) Submission date: Day                          
                 60  Item 41. (1) Oral hearing date: Year                       
                 61  Item 41. (2) Oral hearing date: Month                      
                 62  Item 41. (3) Oral hearing date: Day                        
                 63  Item 42. (1) Final judgment date: Year                     
                 64  Item 42. (2) Final judgment date: Month                    
                 65  Item 42. (3) Final judgment date: Day                      
                 66  Item 43. (1) Case termination date: Year                   
                 67  Item 43. (2) Case termination date: Month                  
                 68  Item 43. (3) Case termination date: Day                    
                 69  Item 44. Miscellaneous to general docket                   
                 70  Item 45. Concurring/Dissenting opinion                     
                 71  Item 46. Prisoner petition - CPC decision                  
                 72  Item 47. Prisoner petition - CPC decision made by          
                 73  Item 48. Single judge/Full panel                           
                 74  Item 49. Counsel appointed                                 
                 75  Item 50. Counsel continued                                 
                 76  Item 51. Counsel source (in district court)                
                 77  Item 52. Counsel source (in circuit court)                 
                 78  Item 53. Judge code #1                                     
                 79  Item 54. Judge code #2                                     
                 80  Item 55. Judge code #3                                     
                                                                                
                              Civil Terminations/Pending                        
                                                                                
                  1  ICPSR Study Number-8429                                    
                  2  ICPSR Edition Number-5                                     
                  3  ICPSR Part Number                                          
                  4  ICPSR Sequential Case Identification Number                
                  5  Item 1.  Record quality indicator                          
                  6  Item 2.  The Federal Circuit where the district court      
                           is located                                           
                  7  Item 3.  The U.S. district court where the case was        
                           filed                                                
                  8  Item 4.  The Office of the district court where the        
                           case was filed                                       
                  9  Item 5.  The case number                                   
                 10  Item 6.  (1) Filing date: Year                             
                 11  Item 6.  (2) Filing date: Month                            
                 12  Item 6.  (3) Filing date: Day                              
                 13  Item 7.  Jurisdiction                                      
1                                xiii                                           
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                 14  Item 8.  The nature of the action filed                    
                 15  Item 9.  The source of the case filing                     
                 16  Item 10. Citizenship of the principal parties              
                 17  Item 11. Class action allegation                           
                 18  Item 12. Termination judge                                 
                 19  Item 13. Filing judge                                      
                 20  Item 14. (1) Date trial commenced: Year                    
                 21  Item 14. (2) Date trial commenced: Month                   
                 22  Item 15. Dollar amount demanded                            
                 23  Item 16. Filing judge                                      
                 24  Item 17. County of residence: Plantiff                     
                 25  Item 18. Style                                             
                 26  Item 19. (1) Case closed: Year                             
                 27  Item 19. (2) Case closed: Month                            
                 28  Item 19. (3) Case closed: Day                              
                 29  Item 20. (1) The statistical date of filing: Year          
                 30  Item 20. (2) The statistical date of filing: Month         
                 31  Item 21. The method of disposition                         
                 32  Item 22. Termination magistrate                            
                 33  Item 23. Procedural progress at termination                
                 34  Item 24. The nature of the judgment                        
                 35  Item 25. The monetary judgment amount awarded              
                 36  Item 26. (1) Statistical termination date: Year            
                 37  Item 26. (2) Statistical termination date: Month           
                 38  Item 27. Judgment for                                      
                 39  Item 28. Level of involvement of the U.S.                  
                           magistrate                                           
                 40  Item 29. Involvement in the case of persons other          
                           than judge or magistrate                             
                 41  Item 30. (1) Statistical master record date: Year          
                 42  Item 30. (2) Statistical master record date: Month         
                                                                               

                           CIVIL CODEBOOK                                                                                 
                                                                                
           VAR 0001      ICPSR STUDY NUMBER-8429     NO MISSING DATA CODES      
           REF 0001         LOC    1 WIDTH  4                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
              ICPSR Study Number-8429                                           
              -----------------------                                           
                                                                                
                  8429.  The ICPSR has attached this number as a unique         
                         data collection identification number.                 
          ...............................................................       
                                                                                
           VAR 0002      ICPSR EDITION NUMBER 4      NO MISSING DATA CODES      
           REF 0002         LOC    5 WIDTH  1                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
              ICPSR Edition Number-5                                            
              ----------------------                                            
                                                                                
              The number identifying the release edition of the data            
              collection.                                                       
                  5.  March, 1993 Release                                       
          ...............................................................       
                                                                                
           VAR 0003      ICPSR PART NUMBER           NO MISSING DATA CODES      
           REF 0003         LOC    6 WIDTH  2                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
              ICPSR Part Number                                                 
              -----------------                                                 
                                                                                
              Identifies the parts in this 35 part data collection.             
                  38.  Civil Terminations, 1970                                 
                  39.  Civil Terminations, 1971                                 
                  40.  Civil Terminations, 1972                                 
1                                                                   Page   37   
                                                                                
                                                                                
         (CONTINUED)                                                            
                                                                                
                                                                                
                  41.  Civil Terminations, 1973                                 
                  42.  Civil Terminations, 1974                                 
                  43.  Civil Terminations, 1975                                 
                  44.  Civil Terminations, 1976                                 
                  45.  Civil Terminations, 1977                                 
                  46.  Civil Terminations, 1978                                 
                  47.  Civil Terminations, 1979                                 
                  48.  Civil Terminations, 1980                                 
                  49.  Civil Terminations, 1981                                 
                  50.  Civil Terminations, 1982                                 
                  51.  Civil Terminations, 1983                                 
                  52.  Civil Terminations, 1984                                 
                  53.  Civil Terminations, 1985                                 
                  54.  Civil Terminations, 1986                                 
                  55.  Civil Terminations, 1987                                 
                  56.  Civil Pending, 1987                                      
          ...............................................................       
                                                                                
           VAR 0004      ICPSR SEQUENCE NUMBER       NO MISSING DATA CODES      
           REF 0004         LOC    8 WIDTH  6                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
              ICPSR Sequential Case Identification Number                       
              -------------------------------------------                       
                                                                                
              The ICPSR has attached a sequential identification number to      
              every case.  This number uniquely identifies each record in       
              the data collection.                                              
           ...............................................................      
                                                                                
           VAR 0005      RECORD QUALITY INDICATOR                    MD=99      
           REF 0005         LOC   14 WIDTH  2                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
              Item 1. Record Quality Indicator                                  
              -----------------------------                                     
                                                                                
              This field was used to quantify the accuracy of the record        
              by the original investigator. The ICPSR has recoded this          
              variable to 99.                                                   
                                                                                
                  99.  Out of universe                                          
                                                                                
          ...............................................................       
                                                                                
           VAR 0006      CIRCUIT                                     MD=99      
           REF 0006         LOC   16 WIDTH  2                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
1    Page 38                                                                    
                                                                                
                                                                                
         (CONTINUED)                                                            
                                                                                
                                                                                
              Item 2. The federal circuit where the district court is           
              located.                                                          
              ----------------------------------------------------              
                                                                                
                  00.  District of Columbia    06.  Sixth Circuit               
                  01.  First Circuit           07.  Seventh Circuit             
                  02.  Second Circuit          08.  Eighth Circuit              
                  03.  Third Circuit           09.  Ninth Circuit               
                  04.  Fourth Circuit          10.  Tenth Circuit               
                  05.  Fifth Circuit           11.  Eleventh Circuit            
                                                      (since 1982)              
                                                                                
                  99.  Out of universe                                          
                                                                                
          ...............................................................       
                                                                                
           VAR 0007      DISTRICT                    NO MISSING DATA CODES      
           REF 0007         LOC   18 WIDTH  2                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
              Item 3. The U.S. District Court where the case was filed.         
              ------------------------------------------------------            
                                                                                
              Prior to 1974, the District Code 70 referred to a district        
              that included both Arizona and Alaska, since 1974 the             
              district code for Arizona has been 70, while the code for         
              Alaska is 7- (listed as 7x in the Appendix).                      
              This is an alphanumeric variable that contains a combination      
              of numbers and letters.                                           
              See note(s) 5                                                     
          ...............................................................       
                                                                                
           VAR 0008      OFFICE                      NO MISSING DATA CODES      
           REF 0008         LOC   20 WIDTH  1                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
              Item 4. The office of the district court where the case           
              was filed.                                                        
              ----------------------------------------------------              
                                                                                
              This is an alphanumeric variable of which certain codes           
              contain asterisks (*).                                            
              See note(s) 5                                                     
          ...............................................................       
                                                                                
           VAR 0009      DOCKET NUMBER               NO MISSING DATA CODES      
           REF 0009         LOC   21 WIDTH  7                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
1                                                                   Page   39   
                                                                                
                                                                                
         (CONTINUED)                                                            
                                                                                
                                                                                
              Item 5. The case number as assigned by the Clerk of Court         
              at the time of the original filing of the case.                   
              ------------------------------------------------------            
                                                                                
              The format is YYNNNNN, where YY is the last two                   
              digits of the calendar year in which the case was                 
              filed, and NNNNN is the five digit sequence number                
              from 00001 to 99999.  Docket numbers run on a                     
              calendar year basis; the serially assigned numbers                
              are restarted on January 1.                                       
              Docket/case numbers prior to 1961 do not necessarily adhere       
              to the standard format.                                           
          ...............................................................       
                                                                                
           VAR 0010      FILING YEAR                                 MD=99      
           REF 0010         LOC   28 WIDTH  2                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
              Item 6.(1) The date on which the case was filed in district       
              court: Year                                                       
              --------------------------------------------------------          
                                                                                
                  01.  1901                                                     
                       .                                                        
                       .                                                        
                 87.  1987                                                      
                                                                                
                 99.  Out of universe                                           
                                                                                
          ...............................................................       
                                                                                
           VAR 0011      FILING MONTH                                MD=99      
           REF 0011         LOC   30 WIDTH  2                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
              Item 6.(2) The date on which the case was filed in district       
              court: Month                                                      
              --------------------------------------------------------          
                                                                                
                  01.  January                                                  
                       .                                                        
                       .                                                        
                  12.  December                                                 
                                                                                
                  99.  Out of universe                                          
                                                                                
          ...............................................................       
                                                                                
1    Page 40                                                                    
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
           VAR 0012      FILING DAY                                  MD=99      
           REF 0012         LOC   32 WIDTH  2                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
              Item 6.(3) The date on which the case was filed in district       
              court: Day                                                        
              --------------------------------------------------------          
                                                                               
                  01.  First day of the month                                   
                      .                                                         
                      .                                                         
                  31.  Thirty-first day of the month                            
                                                                                
                  99.  Out of universe                                          
                                                                                
          ...............................................................       
                                                                                
           VAR 0013      JURISDICTION                                MD=99      
           REF 0013         LOC   34 WIDTH  2                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
              Item 7. The basis of jurisdiction for filing the case             
              in federal court.                                                 
              --------------------------------------------------                
                                                                                
                  01.  U.S. Plaintiff                                           
                  02.  U.S. Defendant                                           
                  03.  Federal Question
                                      
                  04.  Diversity of Citizenship                                 
                  05.  Local Question (territorial districts only)           
                                                                                
                  99.  Out of universe                                          
                                                                                
          ...............................................................       
                                                                                
           VAR 0014      NATURE OF SUIT                             MD=999      
           REF 0014         LOC   36 WIDTH  3                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
              Item 8. The nature of the action filed.                           
              ------------------------------------                              
                                                                                
              Numeric codes represent commonly used civil statutes.             
              See note(s) 3                                                     
                                                                                
                  999.  Out of universe                                         
                                                                                
          ...............................................................       
                                                                                
1                                                                   Page   41   
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
           VAR 0015      ORIGIN                                      MD=99      
           REF 0015         LOC   39 WIDTH  2                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
             Item 9. The source of the case filing.                            
              -----------------------------------                               
                                                                                
                  01.  Original proceeding                                      
                  02.  Removed from state court                                 
                  03.  Remanded from appellate court                            
                  04.  Reinstated or reopened                                   
                  05.  Transferred from another district                        
                  06.  Multi-district Litigation                                
                         (Transfer by order of Panel for                        
                         Multi-district Litigation)                             
                  07.  Appeal of Magistrate judgment                            
                         to a district judge (since 1981)                       
                  08.  2nd reopening (since 1983)                               
                                                                                
                  09.  3rd reopening (since 1983)                               
                                                                                
                  10.  4th reopening (since 1983)                               
                  11.  5th reopening (since 1983)                               
                  12.  6th reopening (since 1983)                               
                                                                                
                  99.  Out of universe                                          
                                                                                
          ...............................................................       
                                                                                
           VAR 0016      RESIDENCE                                   MD=99      
           REF 0016         LOC   41 WIDTH  2                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
              Item 10. Describes the citizenship of the principal parties       
              in cases in which diversity of citizenship is the basis           
              of federal jurisdiction.  The two-digit code is a composite       
              of a single-digit plaintiff's code and a single-digit             
              defendant's code (that is, a 1 for plaintiff and a 3 for          
              defendant yields a residence code of 13).                         
              -----------------------------------------------------------       
                                                                                
              Statistical year 1970 to statistical year 1976.                   
                                                                                
                  01.  Resident of your state                                   
                  02.  Non-resident corporation doing business in               
                        state                                                   
                  03.  Non-resident corporation not doing business              
                        in state                                                
                  04.  Other non-resident of your state                         
1    Page 42                                                                    
                                                                                
                                                                                
         (CONTINUED)                                                            
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
              Statistical Year 1977 to Statistical Year 1985.                   
              (two variations active)                                           
              Variation One                                                     
                                                                                
                  01.  Citizen of this state                                    
                  02.  Incorporated this state                                  
                  03.  Foreign corporation -- principal place of                
                       business in ___________                                  
                  04.  Other non-citizen of this state                          
                                                                                
              Variation Two                                                     
                                                                                
                  01.  Citizen or resident business of this                     
                         state                                                  
                  02.  Non-resident business incorporated in this               
                         state                                                  
                  03.  Foreign business corporation, incorporated               
                         in another state                                       
                  04.  Other non-citizen of this state                          
                                                                                
              Statistical Year 1986 to Statistical Year 1987.                   
                                                                                
                  01.  Citizen of this state                                    
                  02.  Citizen of another state                                 
                  03.  Citizen or subject of a foreign country                  
                  04.  Incorporated or principal place                          
                        of business in this state                               
                  05.  Incorporated and principal place                         
                         of business in another state                           
                  06.  Foreign nation                                           
                                                                                
                  99.  Out of universe                                          
                                                                                
          ...............................................................       
                                                                                
           VAR 0017      CLASS ACTION                                MD=99      
           REF 0017         LOC   43 WIDTH  2                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
              Item 11. Class Action Allegation under Rule 23, Federal Rules     
              of Civil Procedure.                                               
              ----------------------------------------------------------        
                                                                                
                  00.  No allegation of class action made                       
                  01.  Allegation of class action                               
                  02.  Allegation dismissed                                     
                  03.  Allegation affirmed                                      
                                                                                
1                                                                   Page   43   
                                                                                
                                                                                
         (CONTINUED)                                                            
                                                                                
                                                                                
                  99.  Out of universe                                          
                                                                                
          ..............................................................        
                                                                                
           VAR 0018      TERMINATION JUDGE                         MD=9999      
           REF 0018         LOC   45 WIDTH  4                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
              Item 12. Termination Judge                                        
              -----------------------                                           
                                                                                
              For reasons of confidentiality, the ICPSR has masked this         
              variable.                                                         
                                                                                
                  9999.  Out of universe                                        
                                                                                
                  9999.  Out of universe                                        
          ...............................................................       
                                                                                
           VAR 0019      FILING JUDGE                              MD=9999      
           REF 0019         LOC   49 WIDTH  4                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
              Item 13. Filing Judge                                             
              ------------------                                                
                                                                                
              For reasons of confidentiality, the ICPSR has masked this         
              variable.                                                         
                                                                                
                  9999.  Out of universe                                        
                                                                                
                  9999.  Out of universe                                        
          ...............................................................       
                                                                                
           VAR 0020      TRIAL YEAR                                  MD=99      
           REF 0020         LOC   53 WIDTH  2                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
              Item 14.(1) Date trial commenced: Year                            
              -----------------------------------                               
                                                                                
                  61.  1961                                                     
                       .                                                        
                       .                                                        
                  71.  1971                                                     
                                                                                
                  99.  Out of universe                                          
                                                                                
                       From 1984 to 1987 these data were no longer              
1    Page 44                                                                    
                                                                                
                                                                                
         (CONTINUED)                                                            
                                                                                
                                                                                
                       collected.                                               
          ...............................................................       
                                                                                
           VAR 0021      TRIAL MONTH                                 MD=99      
           REF 0021         LOC   55 WIDTH  2                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
              Item 14.(2) Date trial commenced: Month                           
              ------------------------------------                              
                                                                                
                  01.  January                                                  
                       .                                                        
                       .                                                        
                  12.  December                                                 
                                                                                
                  99.  Out of universe                                          
                                                                                
                       From 1984 to 1987 these data were no longer              
                       collected.                                               
          ...............................................................       
                                                                                
           VAR 0022      DEMAND                                       MD=0      
           REF 0022         LOC   57 WIDTH  4                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
              Item 15. Amount demanded in thousands of dollars.                 
              ----------------------------------------------                    
                                                                                
                                                                                
                  9999.  Coded for amounts greater than $9,999,000              
                                                                                
                  9999.  Coded for amounts greater than $9,999,000              
                  0000.  Out of universe                                        
              From 1970 to 1976 values less than $1000 coded to zeros.          
              From 1977 to 1981 values less than $1000 coded to zeros.          
              From 1982 to 1987 values less than $1000 coded as 0001.           
          ...............................................................       
                                                                                
           VAR 0023      FILING MAGISTRATE                         MD=9999      
           REF 0023         LOC   61 WIDTH  4                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
              Item 16. Filing Judge                                             
              ------------------                                                
                                                                                
              For reasons of confidentiality, the ICPSR has masked this         
              variable.                                                         
                                                                                
                  9999.  Out of universe                                        
1                                                                   Page   45   
                                                                                
                                                                                
         (CONTINUED)                                                            
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                  9999.  Out of universe                                        
          ...............................................................       
                                                                                
           VAR 0024      COUNTY                                       MD=0      
           REF 0024         LOC   65 WIDTH  5                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
              Item 17. Code for the county of residence of the first-listed     
              plaintiff, except where the united states is the plain-           
              tiff; in that case it is the code of the county of resi-          
              dence for the first-listed defendant.  In land condemna-          
              tion cases, the county code of the land in question is            
              used.                                                             
              ----------------------------------------------------------        
                                                                                
              See note(s) 1                                                     
                  00000.  Out of universe                                       
          ...............................................................       
                                                                                
           VAR 0025      STYLE (PARTIES INVOLVED)    NO MISSING DATA CODES      
           REF 0025         LOC   70 WIDTH 40                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
              Item 18. Style (Names of Parties Involved)                        
              ---------------------------------------                           
                                                                                
              Format:   Plaintiff (et.al.) v Defendant (et.al.)                 
              This is an alpha variable.                                        
          ................................................................      
                                                                                
           VAR 0026      TERMINATION YEAR                            MD=99      
           REF 0026         LOC  110 WIDTH  2                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
              Item 19.(1) The date the case was closed in district court.       
              This is the date of the final judgment or of the                  
              order disposing of the action.  If the case was                   
              transferred, the date of transfer is the termination              
              date: Year                                                        
              --------------------------------------------------------          
                                                                                
                  22.  1922                                                     
                       .                                                        
                       .                                                        
                  87.  1987                                                     
                                                                                
                  99.  Out of universe                                          
                                                                                
1    Page 46                                                                    
                                                                                
                                                                                
         (CONTINUED)                                                            
                                                                                
                                                                                
          ...............................................................       
                                                                                
           VAR 0027      TERMINATION MONTH                           MD=99      
           REF 0027         LOC  112 WIDTH  2                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
              Item 19.(2) The date the case was closed in district court.       
              This is the date of the final judgment or of the                  
              order disposing of the action.  If the case was                   
              transferred, the date of transfer is the termination              
              date: Month                                                       
              --------------------------------------------------------          
                                                                                
                  01.  January                                                  
                       .                                                        
                       .                                                        
                 12.  December                                                  
                                                                                
                 99.  Out of universe                                           
                                                                                
          ...............................................................       
                                                                                
           VAR 0028      TERMINATION DAY                             MD=99      
           REF 0028         LOC  114 WIDTH  2                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
              Item 19.(3) The date the case was closed in district court.       
              This is the date of the final judgment or of the                  
              order disposing of the action.  If the case was                   
              transferred, the date of transfer is the termination              
              date: Day                                                         
              --------------------------------------------------------          
                                                                                
                  01.  First day of the month                                   
                       .                                                        
                       .                                                        
                  31.  Thirty-first day of the month                            
                                                                                
                  99.  Out of universe                                          
                                                                                
          ...............................................................       
                                                                                
           VAR 0029      FILING YEAR USED BY AO                      MD=99      
           REF 0029         LOC  116 WIDTH  2                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
              Item 20.(1) The statistical date when the filing entered          
              the master record of the administrative Office of the             
              Courts.  This  date is used to assign the case to a               
1                                                                   Page   47   
                                                                                
                                                                                
         (CONTINUED)                                                            
                                                                                
                                                                                
              "statistical year filed" cohort: Year                             
              -----------------------------------------------------             
                                                                                
                  08.  1908                                                     
                       .                                                        
                       .                                                        
                  87.  1987                                                     
                                                                                
                  99.  Out of universe                                          
                                                                                
                       From 1970 to 1980 these data were not collected.         
          ...............................................................       
                                                                                
           VAR 0030      FILING MONTH USED BY AO                     MD=99      
           REF 0030         LOC  118 WIDTH  2                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
              Item 20.(2) The statistical date when the filing entered          
              the master record of the administrative office of the             
              courts.  This date is used to assign the case to a                
              "statistical year filed" cohort: Month                            
              -----------------------------------------------------             
                                                                                
                   01.  January                                                 
                       .                                                        
                       .                                                        
                   12.  December                                                
                                                                                
                   99.  Out of universe                                         
                                                                                
                        From 1970 to 1980 these data were not collected.        
          ...............................................................       
                                                                                
           VAR 0031      DISPOSITION                                 MD=99      
           REF 0031         LOC  120 WIDTH  2                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
              Item 21. The method of disposition                                
              -------------------------------                                   
                                                                                
              Statistical Year 1970 to Statistical Year 1971                    
                  00.  Transferred to another district                          
                  01.  Default judgment                                         
                  02.  Consent judgment                                         
                  03.  Dismissed for want of prosecution                        
                  04.  Dismissed by action of parties                           
                  05.  Remanded to state court                                  
                  06.  Judgment for plaintiff                                   
                  07.  Judgment for defendant                                   
1    Page 48                                                                    
                                                                                
                                                                                
         (CONTINUED)                                                            
                                                                                
                                                                                
                  08.  Judgment for both or other party                         
                                                                                
                  09.  Outcome unknown                                          
                                                                                
              Statistical Year 1979 to Statistical Year 1986                    
              (excluding 4 pilot districts in 1986)                             
                                                                                
                  00.  Transferred to another district                          
                  01.  Remanded                                                 
                  02.  Dismissed for want of prosecution                        
                  03.  Dismissed, discontinued, settled,                        
                           withdrawn, etc.                                      
                  04.  Judgment on default                                      
                  05.  Judgment on consent                                      
                  06.  Judgment on motion before trial                          
                  07.  Judgment on jury verdict                                 
                  08.  Judgment on directed verdict                             
                                                                                
                  09.  Judgment on court trial                                  
                                                                                
                  10.  Judgment on other                                        
                  11.  Statistical closing (since 1984)                         
                                                                                
              Statistical Year 1986 to Statistical Year 1987                    
              (4 districts in 1986: EDPA,NDTX,MDFL,WDMI)                        
                                                                                
                  00.  Transferred to another district                          
                  01.  Remanded to state court                                  
                  02.  Dismissed for want of prosecution                        
                  03.  Dismissed for lack of jurisdiction                       
                  04.  Judgment on default                                      
                  05.  Judgment on consent                                      
                  06.  Judgment on motion before trial                          
                  07.  Judgment on jury verdict                                 
                  08.  Judgment on directed verdict                             
                                                                                
                  09.  Judgment on court trial                                  
                                                                                
                  10.  Multi-district litigation transfer                       
                  11.  Remanded to U.S. Agency                                  
                  12.  Dismissed: voluntarily                                   
                  13.  Dismissed: settled                                       
                  14.  Dismissed: other                                         
                  15.  Judgment on award of arbitrator                          
                  16.  Judgment on trial de novo after arbitration              
                  17.  Judgment on other                                        
                  18.  Statistical closing                                      
                                                                                
                  99.  Out of universe                                          
1                                                                   Page   49   
                                                                                
                                                                                
         (CONTINUED)                                                            
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
          ...............................................................       
                                                                                
           VAR 0032      TERMINATION MAGISTRATE                    MD=9999      
           REF 0032         LOC  122 WIDTH  4                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
              Item 22. Termination Magistrate                                   
              ----------------------------                                      
                                                                                
              For reasons of confidentiality, the ICPSR has masked this         
              variable.                                                         
                                                                                
                  9999.  Out of universe                                        
                                                                                
                  9999.  Out of universe                                        
          ...............................................................       
                                                                                
           VAR 0033      PROCEDURAL PROGRESS                         MD=99      
           REF 0033         LOC  126 WIDTH  2                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
              Item 23. Procedural progress at termination.                      
              -----------------------------------------                         
                                                                                
              Statistical Year 1970 to Statistical Year 1975                    
                                                                                
                  01.  No issue - no action                                     
                  02.  No issue - action                                        
                  03.  Issue, no pretrial - no action                           
                  04.  Issue, no pretrial - action                              
                  05.  Pretrial but no trial                                    
                  06.  Terminated during court trial                            
                  07.  Terminated during jury trial                             
                  08.  Judgment after court trial                               
                                                                                
                  09.  Judgment after jury trial                                
                                                                                
                  00.  Land condemnation cases                                  
                                                                                
              Statistical year 1976 to statistical year 1986                    
              (excluding 4 pilot districts in 1986)                             
                                                                                
                  01.  Before issue joined                                      
                  02.  After motion decided but before issue joined             
                  03.  Issue joined, no other court action                      
                  04.  Issue joined, and after judgment of court on             
                       motion                                                   
                  05.  Issue joined, and after pretrial conference              
1    Page 50                                                                    
                                                                                
                                                                                
         (CONTINUED)                                                            
                                                                                
                                                                                
                       but before trial                                         
                  06.  During court trial                                       
                  07.  During jury trial                                        
                  08.  After court trial                                        
                                                                                
                  09.  After jury trial                                         
                                                                                
                  00.  Other                                                    
                                                                                
              Statistical Year 1986 to Statistical Year 1987                    
              (4 districts in 1986: EDPA,NDTX,MDFL,WDMI)                        
                                                                                
                  01.  Before issue joined, no court action                     
                  02.  Before issue joined, order entered                       
                  03.  After issue joined, no court action                      
                  04.  After issue joined, judgment on motion                   
                  05.  After issue joined, pretrial conference held             
                  06.  After issue joined, during court trial                   
                  07.  After issue joined, during jury trial                    
                  08.  After issue joined, after court trial                    
                                                                                
                  09.  After issue joined, after jury trial                     
                                                                                
                  10.  After issue joined, other                                
                  11.  Before issue joined, hearing held                        
                  12.  Before issue joined, motion decided                      
                                                                                
                  99.  Out of universe                                          
                                                                                
          ...............................................................       
                                                                                
           VAR 0034      NATURE OF JUDGMENT                          MD=99      
           REF 0034         LOC  128 WIDTH  2                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
              Item 24. The nature of the judgment for those actions             
              disposed of by the entry of a final judgment.                     
              --------------------------------------------------                
                                                                                
              Statistical Year 1970 to Statistical Year 1971                    
                                                                                
                  00.  No judgment entered                                      
                  01.  Money                                                    
                  02.  Money and other                                          
                  03.  Injunction                                               
                  04.  Other, foreclosure, condemnation, hew remand,            
                       divorce                                                  
                                                                                
              Statistical Year 1979 to Statistical Year 1986                    
1                                                                   Page   51   
                                                                                
                                                                                
         (CONTINUED)                                                            
                                                                                
                                                                                
              (excluding 4 pilot districts in 1986)                             
                                                                                
                  00.  No monetary award                                        
                  01.  Monetary award only                                      
                  02.  Monetary award and other                                 
                  03.  Injunction                                               
                  04.  Forfeiture, foreclosure, condemnation, etc.              
                  05.  Costs only                                               
                  06.  Costs and attorney fees                                  
                                                                                
                  99.  Out of universe                                          
                                                                                
                       Data were not collected from Statistical Year 1972       
                       to Statistical Year 1978.                                
          ...............................................................       
                                                                                
           VAR 0035      AMOUNT RECEIVED                              MD=0      
           REF 0035         LOC  130 WIDTH  4                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
              ----                                         
                                                                                
              Item 25. The monetary judgment amount awarded (excluding costs)   
              in thousands of dollars.                                          
              ------------------------------------------------------------      
                                                                                
                                                                                
                  9999.  Coded for amounts greater than $9,999,000              
                                                                                
                  9999.  Coded for amounts greater than $9,999,000              
                  0000.  Out of universe                                        
                                                                                
              From Statistical Year 1970 to 1975 values less than               
              $1000 were coded 0000.                                            
              From statistical year 1976 to 1987 values less than               
              $1000 were coded 0000.                                            
          ...............................................................       
                                                                                
           VAR 0036      UNKNOWN YEAR                                MD=99      
           REF 0036         LOC  134 WIDTH  2                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
              Item 26.(1) It is most likely that it is a statistical            
              year representation of the termination date (therefore            
              very similar, if not  equivalent to, the "termination             
              date", REF 41, which started being collected in 1981              
              when this field stopped being coded).  It is unlikely             
              that this field represented the date the judgment award           
              was received which previous codebooks suggested: year             
1    Page 52                                                                    
                                                                                
                                                                                
         (CONTINUED)                                                            
                                                                                
                                                                                
              -------------------------------------------------------           
                                                                                
                  69.  1969                                                     
                       .                                                        
                       .                                                        
                  80.  1980                                                     
                                                                                
                  99.  Out of universe                                          
                                                                                
                       Data were not collected from 1981 to 1987.               
          ...............................................................       
                                                                                
           VAR 0037      UNKNOWN MONTH                               MD=99      
           REF 0037         LOC  136 WIDTH  2                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
              Item 26.(2) It is most likely that it is a statistical            
              year representation of the termination date (therefore            
              very similar, if not equivalent to, the "termination              
              date," Ref 41, which started being collected in 1981              
              when this field stopped being coded).  It is unlikely             
              that this field represented the date the judgment award           
              was received which previous codebooks suggested: Month            
              -------------------------------------------------------           
                                                                                
                  01.  January                                                  
                       .                                                        
                       .                                                        
                  31.  December                                                 
                                                                                
                  99.  Out of universe                                          
                                                                                
                       Data were not collected from 1981 to 1987.               
          ...............................................................       
                                                                                
           VAR 0038      JUDGMENT FOR                                MD=99      
           REF 0038         LOC  138 WIDTH  2                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
              Item 27. Identifies the party favored by the judgment of the      
              court for actions disposed of by the entry of a final             
              judgment.                                                         
              ---------------------------------------------------------         
                                                                                
                  01.  Plaintiff                                                
                  02.  Defendant                                                
                  03.  Both                                                     
                  04. Unknown (or not applicable)                              
                                                                                
1                                                                   Page   53   
                                                                                
                                                                                
         (CONTINUED)                                                            
                                                                                
                                                                                
                  99.  Out of universe                                          
                                                                                
                       Data were not collected from 1970 to 1978.               
          ...............................................................       
                                                                                
           VAR 0039      MAGISTRATE INVOLVEMENT                      MD=99      
           REF 0039         LOC  140 WIDTH  2                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
              Item 28. Level of involvement of the U.S. magistrate.             
              --------------------------------------------------                
                                                                                
                  01.  Consent of parties to magistrate judgment                
                       with appeal directly to U.S. Court of Appeals            
                  02.  Consent of parties to magistrate judgment                
                       with appeal to U.S. District Court                       
                  03.  Special master reference                                 
                  04.  All pretrial matters, including dispositive              
                       motions                                                  
                  05.  Report and recommendation on dispositive                 
                       motions                                                  
                  06.  All pretrial matters, except dispositive                 
                       motions                                                  
                  07.  Full pretrial/settlement conferences                     
                  08.  Non-dispositive motions                                  
                                                                                
                  09.  No involvement of magistrate                             
                                                                                
                                                                                
                  99.  Out of universe                                          
                                                                                
                       Data were not collected from 1970 to 1980 and 1986       
                       to 1987.                                                 
          ...............................................................       
                                                                                
           VAR 0040      OTHER INVOLVEMENT                           MD=99      
           REF 0040         LOC  142 WIDTH  2                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
              Item 29. Involvement in the case of persons other than            
              judge or magistrate.                                              
              ---------------------------------------------------               
                                                                                
                  01.  Arbitrator                                               
                  02.  Land commissioner                                        
                  03.  Special master (other than magistrate)                   
                  04.  Other                                                    
                  05.  No involvement other than judge or magistrate            
                                                                                
1    Page 54                                                                    
                                                                                
                                                                                
         (CONTINUED)                                                            
                                                                                
                                                                                
                  99.  Out of universe                                          
                                                                                
                       Data were not collected from 1970 to 1980 and  1986      
                       to 1987.                                                 
          ...............................................................       
                                                                                
           VAR 0041      TERM YEAR USED BY AO                        MD=99      
           REF 0041         LOC  144 WIDTH  2                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
              Item 30.(1) The statistical date when the termination             
              entered the master record of the Administrative Office.           
              This date is used by the Administrative Office of                 
              the Courts to assign the case to a "statistical year              
              terminated" cohort: Year                                          
              -------------------------------------------------------           
                                                                                
                  80.  1980                                                     
                       .                                                        
                       .                                                        
                  87.  1987                                                     
                                                                                
                  99.  Out of universe                                          
                                                                                
                       Data were not collected from 1970 to 1980.               
          ...............................................................       
                                                                                
           VAR 0042      TERM MONTH USED BY AO                       MD=99      
           REF 0042         LOC  146 WIDTH  2                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
              Item 30.(2) The statistical date when the termination             
              entered the master record of the Administrative Office.           
              This date is used by the Administrative Office of                 
              the Courts to assign the case to a "statistical year              
              terminated" cohort: Month                                         
              -------------------------------------------------------           
                                                                                
                  01.  January                                                  
                        .                                                       
                        .                                                       
                  12.  December                                                 
                                                                                
                  99.  Out of universe                                          
                                                                                
                       Data were not collected from 1970 to 1980.               
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                        Appendix  
                              
                                                                                
                                   *** Note   1 ***   
                                                                       
                 Index of U.S. District Courts County Codes, by District        
                                                                
                                                                                
                                   *** Note   2 ***                              
                                                                                
                               Administrative Agency Codes                      
                
                                                                                               
                                   *** Note   3 ***                             
                                                                                
                               Civil Nature of Suit Codes                       
                                     Numeric (1988)                             
                                                                                
                    All Nature of Suit Codes Used Since December 1968           
                                                                                
              Note:  Earlier variations for the following codes:                
                     370  Fraud or truth in lending (SY70 - SY82)               
                     460  Deportation - habeas corpus (SY70 - SY75)             
                     470  Antitrust - electrical equipment (SY70 - SY75)        
                                                                                
              Contract                                                          
                                                                                
               *100      Indemnity of admiralty cases                           
                110      Insurance                                              
                120      Marine                                                 
                130      Miller Act                                             
                140      Negotiable Instruments                                 
                150      Recovery of Overpayments and Enforcement of            
                         Judgments                                              
                151      Recovery of Overpayments Under the Medicare Act        
                152      Recovery of Defaulted Student Loans                    
                153      Recovery of Overpayment of Veterans Benefits           
                160      Stockholders Suits                                     
                190      Other Contract Actions                                 
               *191      Employee Relations                                     
               *192      State Fair Trade Act                                   
               *193      Hospital Care Act                                      
                195      Contract Product Liability                             
                                                                                
              Real Property                                                     
                                                                                
               *21X      Land Condemnation                                      
                210      Land Condemnation                                      
                220      Foreclosure                                            
                230      Rent, Lease, Ejectment                                 
                240      Torts to Land                                          
                245      Torts - products liability                             
                290      Other Real Property Actions                            
                                                                                
              * Nature of Suit Code Discontinued.                               
                                                                                
              Torts - Personal Injury                                           
                                                                                
                310      Airplane                                               
                315      Airplane Product Liability                             
                320      Assault, Libel and Slander                             
                330      Federal Employers' Liability                           
1                                                                   Page  105   
                                                                                
                                                                                
         (CONTINUED)                                                            
                                                                                
                                                                                
                340      Marine                                                 
                345      Marine - Product Liability                             
                350      Motor Vehicle                                          
                355      Motor Vehicle - Product Liability                      
                360      Other Personal Injury                                  
               *361      Workman's Compensation - (Industrial                   
                         Accident Board)                                        
                362      Personal Injury - Medical Malpractice                  
                365      Personal Injury - Product Liability                    
                368      Asbestos Personal Injury - Product Liability           
                                                                                
              Torts - Personal Property Damage                                  
                                                                                
                370      Other Fraud                                            
                371      Truth in Lending                                       
                380      Other Personal Property Damage                         
                385      Property Damage - Product Liability                    
                                                                                
              Civil Rights                                                      
                                                                                
                440      Other Civil Rights                                     
                441      Voting                                                 
                442      Jobs                                                   
                443      Accommodations                                         
                444      Welfare                                                
                                                                                
              Prisoner Petitions                                                
                                                                                
                510      Vacate Sentence (2255)                                 
               *520      Parole Board Review                                    
                530      Habeas Corpus                                          
                540      Mandamus and Other                                     
                550      Prisoner - Civil Rights                                
                                                                                
              * Nature of Suit Code Discontinued.                               
                                                                                
              Forfeiture and Penalty                                            
                                                                                
                610      Agriculture Acts                                       
                620      Food and Drug Acts                                     
                630      Liquor Laws                                            
                640      Railroad and Trucks                                    
                650      Airline Regulations                                    
                660      Occupational Safety/Health                             
                690      Other Forfeiture and Penalty Suits                     
                                                                                
              Labor Laws                                                        
                                                                                
                710      Fair Labor Standards Act                               
1    Page 106                                                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
         (CONTINUED)                                                            
                                                                                
                                                                                
                720      Labor/Management Relations Act                         
                730      Labor/Management Reporting and Disclosure Act          
                740      Railway Labor Act                                      
               *750      Welfare Pension Plan Disclosure                        
                790      Other Labor Litigation                                 
                791      Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974        
                                                                                
              Property Rights                                                   
                                                                                
                820      Copyright                                              
                830      Patent                                                 
                840      Trademark                                              
                                                                                
              Social Security                                                   
                                                                                
               *860      Social Security (Before 7/1/78)                        
                861      HIA (42 USC 1395FF.(B))                                
                862      Black Lung (30 USC 923)                                
                863      DIWC (42 USC 405(G))                                   
                863      DIWW (42 USC 405(G))                                   
                864      SSID Title XVI                                         
                865      RSI (42 USC 405(G))                                    
                                                                                
              * Nature of Suit Code Discontinued.                               
              Other Statutes                                                    
                                                                                
                400      State Re-Apportionment                                 
                410      Antitrust                                              
               *420      Bankruptcy Trustee                                     
               *421      Bankruptcy Transfer Rule 915(B)                        
                422      Bankruptcy Appeals Rule 801                            
                423      Withdrawal                                             
                430      Banks and Banking                                      
                450      Interstate Commerce                                    
                460      Deportation                                            
               *461      Deportation - Review                                   
                470      Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations         
                         Act (Effective 11/15/85)                               
                810      Selective Service                                      
                850      Securities, Commodities, Exchange                      
                870      Tax Suits                                              
                871      IRS - Third Party Suits (26 USC 7609)                  
                875      Customer Challenge (12 USC 3410)                       
               *880      Review or Enforcement                                  
                890      Other Statutory Actions                                
                891      Agricultural Acts                                      
                892      Economic Stabilization Act                             
                893      Environmental Matters                                  
                894      Energy Allocation Act                                  
1                                                                   Page  107   
                                                                                
                                                                                
         (CONTINUED)                                                            
                                                                                
                                                                                
                895      Freedom of Information Act of 1974                     
                900      Appeal of Fee Determination Under Equal Access         
                         to Justice Act                                         
                950      Constitutionality of State Statutes                    
               *970      Nara, Title III                                        
                                                                                
              Local Question                                                 
                                                                                
                910      Domestic Relations                                     
                920      Insanity                                               
                930      Probate                                                
                940      Substitute Trustee                                     
                990      Other                                                  
                992      Local Appeal                                           
              * Nature of Suit Code Discontinued.                               
                                                                                
                               Civil Nature of Suit Codes                       
                                    Alphabetic (1987)                           
                                                                                
                                                               Nature of        
              Name of Statute                                  Suit Code        
                                                                                
              Administrative Procedure Act 5 USC:701-706............ 289        
              Age Discrimination in Employment Act 29:621:634....... 442        
              Agricultural Acts 7:612C, 1301, 1441-1446............. 891        
              Agricultural Adjustment Act 7:281:1407................ 891        
              Agricultural Adjustment Act - Penalty 7:281-1407...... 610        
              Agricultural Fair Practice Act 7:2301-2306............ 891        
              Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act 7:601-659........ 891        
              Air Pollution Control Act 42:1857-57L................. 893        
              Anti-Kickback Act..................................... 370        
              Anti-Trust Acts 15:1,26............................... 410        
              Anti-Trust Civil Process Act 15:1311-1314............. 410        
              Arbitration Act - Maritime Transactions 9:3120........ 120        
                                  labor disputes 28:1292:151-163.... 720        
              Armed Forces Leave Act 37:501......................... 190        
              Atomic Energy Act..................................... 890        
              Automobile Dealers' Day in Court 15:1221-1225......... 890        
              Back Pay Act P.L. 89-380,80 Stat. 94.................. 190        
              Bail Reform Act 18:3146............................... 190        
              Banking Act 12:300-632................................ 430        
              Bankruptcy Appeal to District Court 28:158............ 422        
              Bankruptcy Withdrawal 28:157.......................... 423        
              Black Lung Benefits (Federal Coal Mine Health &                   
               Safety Act).......................................... 862        
              Boiler Inspection Acts 45:22-29, 31-34................ 640        
              Capehart Housing Act 12:1701 42:1401.................. 890        
              Carmack Amendments to Hepburn Act 49:20, 94 Stat 593.. 450        
              Carriage of Goods by Sea Act 46:1300-1315............. 120        
1    Page 108                                                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
         (CONTINUED)                                                            
                                                                                
                                                                                
              Career Compensation Act 37:231........................ 490        
              Civil Aeronautics Act 49:401.......................... 890        
              Civil Rights Act 42:1981, 1983, 1985, 1988 2000....... 440        
              Civil Rights Act (Prisoner Petition).................. 550        
              Civil Rights Act, Voting 42:1971, 1973-73P............ 441        
              Clean Air Act 42:1857:57L............................. 893        
              Commodity Credit Corporation Act 15:713A-L & 4........ 891        
              Commodity Exchange Act 7:1-17B........................ 850        
              Communications Act 47:151 ET SEQ...................... 890     

              Consumer Credit Protection Act                                    
                                Interest Rates 15:1600  et seq...... 370        
                                Bad Credit Rating................... 320        
              Comm. Hatch Act (Report & Order of) 5 USC 118K(C)..... 212        
              Connally Act, Hot Oil Act Interstate Commerce                     
               15:715,15 K ......................................... 341        
              Conservation Act of 1969, 16:668 CC-1266 8CC-6........ 890        
              Consumer Products Safety Act 15:2072.................. 890        
                                    Personal Injury  ............... 360        
              Davis - Bacon Act 40:276A............................. 790        
              Disaster Relief Act 42:1855........................... 890        
              Due Process of Law (5th Amendment).................... 440        
              Economic Opportunities Act 42:2701.................... 440        
              Economic Stabilization Act P.L. 92:201-301, 12:1904... 892        
              Educational Professions Development Act 20:1091....... 890        
              Egg Products Inspection Act 28:1031-1056.............. 891        
              Emergency School Aid Act.............................. 890        
              Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974                   
               (29:1132)............................................ 791        
              Endangered Species Act................................ 690        
              Elkins Act 49:41-43................................... 450        
              Equal Employment Opportunity Act (Title VII) 42:2000E. 442        
              Equal Pay Act 29:206.................................. 710        
              Executive Order 11615 (Freezing Prices)............... 892        
              Executive Order 11632 (Freezing Prices)............... 892        
              Fair Credit Reporting Act 15:1681..................... 370        
              Fair Housing Act (Title VII) 42:3601-3612............. 443        
              Fair Labor Standards Act 15:1......................... 410        
              False Claims Act 31:231 et seq........................ 370        
              Farmers' Home Administration Act 7:0001-1005D,                    
               1007-1009, 1015-1031................................. 140        
              Federal Credit Union Acts 12:1751-1771................ 430        
              Federal Metal & Nonmetallic Mine Safety Act 30:721.... 169        
              Foreign Agents Registration Act 22:611-621............ 890        
              Federal Aid Highway Act 23:101-142.................... 890        
              Federal Aviation Act 49:1301 et seq................... 890        
              Federal Aviation Act, Penalty 49:1301................. 650        
              Federal Coal Mine Health & Safety Act 30:801 et seq... 890        
                                   in connection with HEW........... 862        
                                   penalty.......................... 690        
1                                                                   Page  109   
                                                                                
                                                                                
         (CONTINUED)                                                            
                                                                                
                                                                                
              Federal Corrupt Practices Act 2:241-256............... 890        
              Federal Crop Insurance Act 7:1501-1550................ 891        
              Federal Election Campaign Act......................... 890        
              Federal Employer's Liability Act (Railroads) 45:51-60. 330        
              Federal Environment Pesticide Control Act............. 893        
              Federal Food, Drug & Cosmetic Act 21:301 et seq....... 890        
                                   forfeiture or penalty 21:333-334. 620        
              Federal Hazardous Substance Act 15:1261............... 690        
              Federal Home Loan Bank Act 12:1421-1449............... 430        
              Federal Insecticide, Fungicide                                    
               & Rodenticide Act 7:135.............................. 893        
              Federal Meat Inspection Act C.403-45 Stat. 351........ 890        
              Federal Medical Care Recovery Act..................... 190        
              Federal Odometer Disclosure Act 49:404, 408b.......... 370        
              Federal Order #96..................................... 891        
              Federal Pay Comparability Act 5:5301.................. 890        
              Federal Reemployment Rights (Universal Military                   
               Training & Service Act 50:459)....................... 190        
              Federal Reserve Acts 12:142 et seq.................... 430        
              Federal Seed Act 7:1551-1610.......................... 610        
              Federal Trade Commission Act 15:41-51................. 890        
                                penalty............................. 690        
              Federal Water Pollution Control Act 33:1151 et seq.... 893        
              Flammable Fabrics Act (if personal injury)............ 360        
              Food & Drug Act (Federal) 21:301 et seq............... 620        
              Food Stamp Act 7:2011-2025............................ 891        
              Franking Mail Privilege............................... 370        
              Freedom of Information Act 5:552...................... 895        
              Game & Wildlife Act 15:256C et seq (Penalty).......... 690        
              Garnishments 42:459, P.L. 93-647...................... 150        
              Harter Act (Carriage of Goods by Sea) 46:190-195...... 120        
              Habeas Corpus 28:2241,2254............................ 530        
              Health Insurance For The Aged Act 42:1395............. 860        
              Highway Safety Act 23:401............................. 890        
              Home Owners Loan Act 12:1461.......................... 430        
                               negotiable instrument  .............. 140        
                               foreclosure.......................... 220        
              Hours of Service Acts (Railroads) 45:61-66............ 640        
              Immigration Acts (Habeas Corpus & Review)                         
                8:1101/18:1546...................................... 460        
              Immigration & Nationality Act 8:1503.................. 890        
              Industrial Accident Board............................. 360        
              Internal Revenue Code (General)....................... 870        
              Internal Revenue Code - Tax Reform Act of 1976                    
                (P.L. 94-455) Third Party........................... 871        
              Interstate Commerce Acts 49:1 et seq, 49:301.......... 450        
              Interstate & Foreign Commerce by Wire                             
               & Radio Communications Federal Communications Act                
               37:USC 151-609....................................... 389        
1    Page 110                                                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
         (CONTINUED)                                                            
                                                                                
                                                                                
              Interstate Land Sales Full Disclosure Act 15:1701..... 370        
              Investment Advisers Act 15:80B(1-21).................. 850        
              Jones Act (Merchant Marine) 46:688.................... 340        
              Klamath Termination Act 25:564-564W-L................. 890        
              Labor Certification (Department of Labor Defendant)... 790        
              Labor-Management Relations Act 29:141-187............. 720        
              Labor-Management Reporting & Disclosure Act                       
               29:153-160, 401 et seq..... ......................... 730        
              Land Condemnation 40:258(A)........................... 210        
              Land & Water Conservation Fund Act 16:4602,460  1-4... 893        
              Landrum-Griffin Act 29:153-160, 401 et seq............ 730        
              Lanham Patent Act 35:134-146.......................... 830        
              Lanham Trade-Mark Act 15:1051-1127.................... 840        
              Limitation of Liability (Exoneration from) 46:189-196. 380        
              Limited Liability Acts (Shipping) 46:182-196.......... 380        
              Lloyd-La Follette Act 5:5595, 7101-2, 7501............ 890        
              Load Line Act 46:85-85G............................... 690        
              Longshoremen's & Harbor Workers' Compensation Act                 
                33:901-950.......................................... 340        
              Mcguire Bill (Federal Fair Trade) 15:45............... 890        
                                   15:45L Penalty................... 690        
              Manpower Development & Training Act 42:2571........... 890        
              Marihuana Tax Act 50 STAT 551......................... 690        
              Medical Care Recovery Act 42:2651..................... 190        
              Medical Malpractice................................... 190        
              Medicare Act 42:139a5................................. 362        
                            Cases filed by U.S. against doctors,                
                            hospitals, & nursing homes - for                    
                            receiving over payments................. 151        
              Miller Act 40:270 et seq.............................. 130        
              Miller-Tydings Fair Trade Act 15:1.................... 410        
              Miller Land Leasing Act............................... 230        
              Motion to Vacate Sentence 28:2255..................... 510        
              Motorboat Act 46:526-526T............................. 690        
              Motor Vehicle Air Pollution Control Act 42:1857F-1-8.. 893        
              Motor Vehicle Information & Cost Saving Act........... 890        
                                 odometer fraud..................... 370        
              Mutual Security Act 22:1750........................... 890        
              Narcotic Addict Rehabilitation Act 42:3411-26,                    
               Title III P.L. 89-793................................ 970        
              National Environmental Policy Act 42:4321, 4331-35G               
               4341-47.............................................. 893        
              National Flood Insurance Act of 1968 42:4001.......... 890        
                                  insurance contract................ 110        
              National Housing Act 12:1701-1749..................... 890        
              National Insurance Development Program 12:1749B....... 219        
              National School Lunch Act 42:1751..................... 444        
              National Service Life Insurance Act 38:701-724,                   
               781-788.............................................. 110        
1                                                                   Page  111   
                                                                                
                                                                                
         (CONTINUED)                                                            
                                                                                
                                                                                
              National Traffic & Motor Vehicle Safety Act 49:1655... 890        
                                  penalty 49:1655................... 690        
              Natural Gas Pipeline Safety Act 49:1671-1700.......... 890        
              Naturalization Acts 8:1421/18:911,1015,1421,                      
               et seq., 3282........................................ 890        
              Newspaper Preservation Act 15:1801-1804............... 410        
              Non-Resident Motorist Act............................. 110        
              Norris-La Guardia Act (Labor Disputes) 29:101-115..... 720        
              Occupational Safety & Health Act 29:553, 651-678...... 790        
                                   penalty, personal injury......... 660        
              Oil Pollution Act 33:431-437, 1001-1015............... 360        
              Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act, Personal Injury                
               43:1331.............................................. 340        
              Packers & Stock Yards Act 7:181-231................... 891        
                                 7:207(G)(H), 221 penalty........... 610        
              Parole Commission Review (U.S.)....................... 520        
              Patents 35:1-293...................................... 830        
              Performance Rating Act of 1950 5:4303................. 442        
              Postal Reorganization Act Title 39.................... 890        
                                  Labor Dispute..................... 720        
              Prisoner Petitions.................................... 550        
                           Habeas Corpus 28:2241, 2254, prison                  
                           officials................................ 530        
                           Mandamus, prison officials............... 540        
                           Motions to vacate sentence 28:2255....... 510        
                           Civil Rights............................. 550        
              Public Vessels Act 46:781-790, personal injury........ 340        
              Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organization Act..... 470        
                                        RICO 18:1961-1968........... 470        
              Railroad Retirement Act 45:228A....................... 740        
              Railway Labor Act 45:151-163, 181-188................. 740        
              Railway Passenger Service Act 45:501.................. 450        
              Renegotiation Act 50:1191............................. 190        
              Reclamation Act 43:371................................ 890        
              Reorganization Act 5:901-913.......................... 890        
              River & Harbor Act.................................... 893        
                                 penalty 3:401-437, 1251............ 893        
              Robinson-Patman Act 15:13C............................ 410        
              Safety Appliance Acts (Interstate Commerce)                       
               45:1/49:26........................................... 640        
              Securities Act 15:77.................................. 850        
              Securities Exchange Act 15:78......................... 850        
              Selective Service Act 50:451-470, 1001-1017........... 810        
              Servicemen's Readjustment Act C.268 STAT. 284......... 140        
              Sherman Anti-Trust Act 15:1-7......................... 410        
              Ship Mortgage Act 46:911.............................. 120        
              Shipping Act 46:841................................... 890        
              Small Business Act 15:631............................. 140        
              Small Business Investment Act 15:681.................. 850        
1    Page 112                                                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
         (CONTINUED)                                                            
                                                                                
                                                                                
              Social Security Act 42:216-223, 301-1399.............. 860        
                                  Medicare 42:1395, 1814............ 860        
                                  Welfare 42:602.................... 444        
              Soil Bank Act 7:1801-1837............................. 891        
              Soil Conservation & Domestic Allotment Act 16:59A..... 610        
              Soldiers' & Sailors' Civil Relief Act 50:501.......... 140        
                                    foreclosure..................... 220        
              Stock Raising Homestead Act 42 USC 291-302............ 123        
              Surplus Property Act 40:471,50:1622................... 190        
              Taft-Hartley Act 29:141............................... 720        
              Taylor Grazing Act 43:315............................. 230        
              Thirty-Six Hour Law 45:74............................. 640        
              Trade-Mark Acts 15:1051-1127.......................... 840        
              Trading With The Enemy Acts 50:1...................... 890        
              Transportation Acts 49:66............................. 450        
              Trust Indenture Act 15:77............................. 850        
              Truth In Lending Act 15:1601-13, 1631-41, 1671-77..... 370        
              Tucker Act (Claims) C.359, 24 STAT. 505............... 190        
              Twenty-Eight Hour Law 45:71-74........................ 640        
              Uninsured Motorist Act................................ 110        
              United States Warehouse Act 7:241..................... 891        
              Universal Military Training & Service Act 50:451-471.. 190        
              Uniform Bill of Lading 49:81-124...................... 450        
              Uniform Grain Storage Agreement....................... 891        
              Uniform Relocation Assistance & Real Property                     
               Acquisition Policies Act P.L. 91-646, 84 STAT. 1894.. 290        
              Veterans' Benefit Act, Title 38 Penalty............... 690        
              Veterans' Preference Act.............................. 190        
              Vietnam Era Veterans Readjustment Assistance                      
               Act of 1974 (38:2021)................................ 190        
              Voting Rights Act 42:1971, 1973-73P................... 441        
              Wagner-Peyser Act 29:49, 557.......................... 790        
              War Claims Act 10:2734, 2735.......................... 890        
              Welfare Pension Plan Disclosure Act 29:301-309........ 790        
              Wholesome Meat Act 21:601............................. 891        
              Wiretaps 47:605....................................... 320        
                                                                                
                    Possible Jurisdiction/Nature of Suit Combinations           
                                                                                
                 Valid Nature of Suit Codes and Jurisdiction Combination        
                             (1)        (2)       (3)        (4)      (5)       
                             U.S.       U.S.    Federal                         
                    Code  Plaintiff  Defendant  Question* Diversity  Local   
                                                                                
              Contract:                                                         
                    110       R          X         R          X        X        
                    120       X          X         X          X        X        
                    130       X          R         X          -        -        
                    140       X          R         R          X        X        
1                                                                   Page  113   
                                                                                
                                                                                
         (CONTINUED)                                                            
                                                                                
                                                                                
                    150       X          X         X          X        X        
                    151       X          X         X          -        -        
                    152       X          R         -          -        -        
                    153       X          R         -          -        -        
                    160       -          -         X          X        X        
                    190       X          X         X          X        X        
                    195       R          R         -          X        X        
                                                                                
              REAL PROPERTY:                                                    
                    210       X          X         X          X        X        
                    220       X          R         X          X        X        
                    230       X          X         X          X        X        
                    240       X          X         X          X        X        
                    245       R          R         X          X        -        
                    290       X          X         R          X        X        
                                                                                
                 Key:                                                           
                 X  Valid Code.                                                 
                 R  Valid Code, but rarely used.                                
                 -  Invalid Code                                                
                 *  U.S. not a party.                                           
                                                                                
                    Possible Jurisdiction/Nature of Suit Combinations           
                                       (Continued)                              
                                                                                
                 Valid Nature of Suit Codes and Jurisdiction Combination        
                             (1)        (2)       (3)        (4)      (5)       
                             U.S.       U.S.    Federal                         
                    Code  Plaintiff  Defendant  Question* Diversity  Local   
                                                                                
              Torts-Personal Injury:                                            
                    310       -          X         R          X        X        
                    315       -          R         R          X        -        
                    320       -          X         R          X        X        
                    330       -          X         X          -        -        
                    340       X          X         X          X        X        
                    345       -          R         R          X        -        
                    350       -          X         R          X        X        
                    355       -          R         R          X        X        
                    360       X          X         R          X        X        
                    362       -          X         -          X        X        
                    365       -          R         R          X        X        
                    368       -          R         R          X        X        
                                                                                
              Torts-Personal Property Damage:                                   
                    370       X          X         X          X        X        
                    371       X          X         X          X        X        
                    380       X          X         X          X        X        
                    385       X          R         R          X        -        
1    Page 114                                                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
         (CONTINUED)                                                            
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
              Civil Rights:                                                     
                    440       X          X         X          -        -        
                    441       X          X         X          -        -        
                    442       X          X         X          -        -        
                    443       X          X         X          -        -        
                    444       X          X         X          -        -        
                                                                                
                 Key:                                                           
                 X  Valid Code.                                                 
                 R  Valid Code, but rarely used.                                
                 -  Invalid Code.                                               
                 *  U.S. not a party.                                           
                                                                                
                  Possible Jurisdiction/Nature of Suit Combinations             
                                       (Continued)                              
                                                                                
                 Valid nature of suit codes and jurisdiction combination        
                             (1)        (2)       (3)        (4)      (5)       
                             U.S.       U.S.    Federal                         
                                                                                
                    Code  Plaintiff  Defendant  Question* Diversity  Local   
                                                                                
              Prisoner Petitions:                                               
                    510       -          X         -          -        -        
                    530       -          X         X          -        X        
                    540       -          X         X          -        X        
                    550       -          X         X          -        -        
                                                                                
              Forfeiture and Penalty:                                           
                    610       X          R         -          -        -        
                    620       X          R         -          -        -        
                    630       X          R         -          -        -        
                    640       X          R         -          -        -        
                    650       X          R         -          -        -        
                    660       X          R         -          -        -        
                    690       X          R         -          -        -        
                                                                                
              Labor Laws:                                                       
                    710       X          R         X          -        -        
                    720       X          X         X          -        -        
                    730       X          P         X          -        -        
                    740       X          R         X          -        -        
                    750       X          X         X          -        -        
                    791       X          X         X          -        -        
                                                                                
              Property Rights:                                                  
                    820       -          -         X          -        -        
                    830       R          R         X          -        -        
1                                                                   Page  115   
                                                                                
                                                                                
         (CONTINUED)                                                            
                                                                                
                                                                                
                    840       R          -         X          -        -        
                                                                                
                 Key:                                                           
                 X  Valid Code.                                                 
                 R  Valid Code, but rarely used.                                
                 -  Invalid Code.                                               
                 *  U.S. not a party.                                           
                                                                                
                    Possible Jurisdiction/Nature of Suit Combinations           
                                       (Continued)                              
                                                                                
                 Valid Nature of Suit Codes and Jurisdiction Combination        
                             (1)        (2)       (3)        (4)      (5)       
                             U.S.       U.S.    Federal                         
                    Code  Plaintiff  Defendant  Question* Diversity  Local   
                                                                                
              Social Security:                                                  
                    861       -          X         -          -        -        
                    862       R          X         -          -        -        
                    863       R          X         -          -        -        
                    864       -          X         -          -        -        
                    865       -          X         -          -        -        
                                                                                
              Other Statutes:                                                   
                    400       -          -         X          -        -        
                    410       X          R         X          -        -        
                    422       R          R         X          -        -        
                    423       R          R         X          -        -        
                    430       X          X         X          -        -        
                    450       X          X         X          -        -        
                    460       -          X         X          -        -        
                    470       X          -         X          X        X        
                    810       -          X         X          -        -        
                    850       X          X         X          -        -        
                    870       X          X         -          -        X        
                    871       X          X         -          -        -        
                    875       -          X         -          -        -        
                    890       X          X         X          -        -        
                    891       X          X         X          -        -        
                    892       X          X         X          -        -        
                    893       X          X         X          -        -        
                    894       X          X         X          -        -        
                    895       -          X         X          -        -        
                    900       -          X         -          -        -        
                    950       X          X         X          R        X        
                                                                                
                 Key:                                                           
                 X  Valid Code.                                                 
                 R  Valid Code, but rarely used.                                
1    Page 116                                                                   
                                                                                
                                                                                
         (CONTINUED)                                                            
                                                                                
                                                                                
                 -  Invalid Code.                                               
                 *  U.S. not a party.                                           
                                                                                
                   Possible Jurisdiction/Nature of Suit Combinations            
                                       (Continued)                              
                                                                                
                 Valid Nature of Suit Codes and Jurisdiction Combination        
                             (1)        (2)       (3)        (4)      (5)       
                             U.S.       U.S.    Federal                         
                    Code  Plaintiff  Defendant  Question* Diversity  Local   
                                                                                
             Local Question: 
                                                
                    910       -          -         -          -        X        
                    920       -          -         -          -        X        
                    930       -          -         -          -        X        
                    940       -          -         -          -        X        
                    990       X          X         X          X        X        
                    992       -          -         -          -        X        
                                                                                
                 Key:                                                           
                 X  Valid Code.                                                 
                 R  Valid Code, but rarely used.                                
                 -  Invalid Code.                                               
                 *  U.S. not a party.                                           
                                  
                                              
   
                                     *** Note   4 ***
                    
                               U.S. Criminal Offense Codes


                                           
                                     *** Note   5 *** 
                                       
                 Statistical Codes for U.S. District Courts and Offices         



                                       Appendix II 
                             
                                  Data Collections Forms